Antico Convicino Rooms Suites & SPA
ANTICO CONVICINO ROOMS SUITES & SPA
To any further details please contact us:
Via San Pietro Caveoso, 18/30
Phone: +39 0835 332669
capitale della cultura 2019
MATERA is one of the oldest cities in the world whose territory holds evidence of human settlements starting from the Paleolithic and uninterrupted to the present day. It represents an extraordinary page written by man through millennia of history.
Matera is the city of the Sassi, the original urban core that developed from natural caves carved into the rock and later shaped into increasingly complex structures within two large natural amphitheaters that are the Sasso Caveoso and the Sasso Barisano.
In 1993 UNESCO declared the Sassi di Matera a World Heritage Site.
The Sassi di Matera are the 6th site in Italy in chronological order, the first in the south.
On the occasion of this inscription, for the first time UNESCO uses in its criteria and motivations the concept of Cultural Landscape, which will later be used to motivate the inscription of other sites in the world.
The unrepeatable architecture of the Sassi of Matera tells of man's ability to adapt perfectly to the environment and natural surroundings, masterfully using simple features such as the constant temperature of the excavated spaces, the calcarenite of the rocky bank itself for the construction of above-ground dwellings, and the use of the slopes to control water and meteorological phenomena.
The architectural structure consists of two systems, the immediately visible one made up of the successive stratifications of dwellings, courtyards, ballotoi, palaces, churches, streets vegetable gardens and gardens, and the internal and invisible at first sight one made up of cisterns, neviere, caves tunnels and water control systems, systems essential for the life and wealth of the community.
The Sassi di Matera rise on one side of a canyon carved over time by the Gravina stream. On the other side lies the Natural Historical Archaeological Park of the Rock Churches of the Materano, whose landscape represents the original context of the places, developed over time with urban settlements only on the opposite side of the Sassi.
The park preserves the oldest settlements in the area. These include the Grotta dei Pipistrelli whose Paleolithic finds are preserved at the Domenico Ridola National Museum in Matera, the Neolithic villages of Murgecchia, Murgia Timone and Trasanello.